The colours that are approved in the USA for colouring foods, medicines and cosmetics
are listed in the Code of Federal Regulations, Title 21, parts 1-99 (= CFR 21).
Their use is monitored by the FDA (Food and Drug Administration).
Various non-European states use the US system for orientation.
The purity requirements applicable in the USA are sometimes different from those in the EU,
and in some cases content of pure colour is greater.
Batches of synthetic dyes therefore require an FDA certificate for the American market
and for countries that use this system for orientation.
|Colour sample||E - number||Product name||Color Index N°||Color Index names||Solubility / Quality||POWDER Standard Concentration min.%||GRAN Standard Concentration %|
|E 102||FD&C Yellow N°5 / Tartrazine||19140||C.I.Food Yellow 4; C.I.Acid Yellow 23||1.)||87||91 ± 4|
|E 110||FD&C Yellow N°6 / Sunset Yelow||15985||C.I. Food Yellow 3||1.)||87||91 ± 4|
|E 127||FD&C Red N° 3 / Erythrosine||45430||C.I.Food Red 14; C.I.Acid Red 51||1.)||87||91 ± 4|
|E 129||FD&C Red N°40 / Allura Red AC||16035||C.I.Food Red 17||1.)||85||90 ± 5|
|E 132||FD&C Blue N°2 / Indigotine||73015||C.I.Food Blue 1; C.I.Acid Blue 74||1.)||85||85 min.|
|E 133||FD&C Blue N°1 / Brilliant Blue FCF||42090||C.I.Food Blue 2; C.I.Acid Blue 9||1.)||85||95 ± 5|
The colours shown in the table are approximate.
Notes: 1.) Water soluble 2.) Dispersible 3.) Various concentrations available upon request. 4.) Available in a range of qualities. X Details available upon request.
All the food colours offered except E120 meet kosher requirements.